Nutrition and Obesity

Obesity is a significant public health challenge

Healthcare systems are under increasing pressure from rising numbers of obese children and adults. For the foreseeable future these rates are only set to rise, leading to one of the most significant public health challenges we face today. Obesity, often driven by poor nutritional choices, increases the risk of a range of serious health conditions, including digestive cancers and liver disease. Healthy balanced diets and lifestyles can help prevent chronic digestive diseases.

Nutrition and Chronic Digestive Diseases: An Action Plan for Europe

Our report details of how, with the right mix of public health interventions, improved nutrition can be delivered across Europe. An unprecedented opportunity exists to develop food systems as a common thread between policy frameworks aiming for improved health and environmental sustainability. Establishing clear, scientific targets to guide food system transformation is an important step in realising this opportunity.

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References

World Health Organisation Europe. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC).2014

Eurostat. Obesity rate by body mass index (BMI). http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=sdg_02_10&plugin=1. (2016)

T J Key.Fruit and vegetables and cancer risk. British Journal of Cancer. 104 (1), p6-11 (2011)

NHS.More evidence that fibre cuts bowel cancer risk. www.nhs.uk/news/cancer/more-evidence-that-fibre-cuts-bowel-cancer-risk/. (2011)

World Health Organization. Cancer linked with poor nutrition.Available: http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/nutrition/news/news/2011/02/cancer-linked-with-poor-nutrition.(2011)

Stephanie Fay. Salt: Shaking up the link with stomach cancer. www.wcrf.org/dietandcancer/recommendations/limit-red-processed-meat. (2016)

National Cancer Institute. Obesity and Cancer. www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/obesity/obesity-fact-sheet. (2017)

World Cancer Research Fund. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Colorectal Cancer. Continuous Update Project Keeping the science current. p13.(2011)

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Andreea Botos
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Jana Tenglerova
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